上海市220例新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株感染者中医体质类型分布与防控策略
DOI:
作者:
作者单位:

作者简介:

通讯作者:

基金项目:

安徽省中医药传承创新科研项目(2020cczd02);国家中医药管理局全国名老中医药专家传承工作室建设项目(国中医药人教函〔2022〕75号);安徽省重点研究与开发计划项目(2022e07020082)


Distribution of Traditional Chinese Medicine Constitution Types and Prevention and Control Strategies in Patients Infected with the Omicron Variant of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 in Shanghai, China: An Analysis of 220 Cases
Author:
Affiliation:

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
    摘要:

    目的 初步探讨上海局部传播的新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株感染者中医体质类型的分布,为确立核酸筛查和常态化核酸检测的重点人群提供中医体质学说依据。方法 设计中医体质量表,对上海市花博园安徽方舱医院新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株感染者进行中医体质调查,通过中医临床数据采集平台录入一般资料和体质调查数据,并进行统计学分析。结果 220例新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株无症状感染者中,全程无症状感染病例163例,无症状感染者转化为轻型者57例。163例全程无症状感染者中,平和质141例(86.5%),偏颇质22例(13.5%),57例无症状感染者转化为轻型者中,平和质3例(5.3%),偏颇质54例(94.7%)。两组平和质、偏颇质分布率比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);全程无症状感染者的平和质分布率显著高于无症状感染者转化为轻型者(P<0.05)。全程无症状感染者出现频率超过10%的体质类型仅有平和质,而无症状感染者转化为轻型病例出现频率超过10%的体质类型有4种,分别是湿热质、气郁质、痰湿质、气虚质。全程无症状感染者的湿热质、气郁质、痰湿质、气虚质分布率显著低于无症状感染转化为轻型者(P<0.05)。结论 上海市新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株感染者,由无症状感染者转化为轻型者的发病过程与体质偏颇、基础疾病密切相关;新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株感染平和质者的隐蔽性强,是优先进行核酸筛查和常态化核酸检测的重点人群。

    Abstract:

    Objective To investigate the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) constitution types in patients infected with the Omicron variant of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) locally transmitted in Shanghai, China, and to provide a TCM constitution basis for establishing the key population for nucleic acid screening and normalized nucleic acid detection. Methods A TCM constitution scale was designed to investigate the TCM constitution of the patients infected with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 who were admitted to Anhui Mobile Cabin Hospital of Shanghai Huaboyuan, and general information and TCM constitution data were entered into a TCM clinical data collection platform to perform a statistical analysis. Results Among the 220 patients with asymptomatic infection with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, 163 remained asymptomatic throughout the course of the infection and 57 changed from asymptomatic infection to mild infection. Among the 163 patients who remained asymptomatic throughout the course of the infection, 141 (86.5%) had normal constitution and 22 (13.5%) had biased constitution, while among the 57 patients who changed from asymptomatic infection to mild infection, 3 (5.3%) had normal constitution and 54 (94.7%) had biased constitution. There were significant differences in the distribution rates of normal constitution and biased constitution between the two groups (P<0.05), and the patients who remained asymptomatic throughout the course of the infection had a significantly higher distribution rate of normal constitution than those who changed from asymptomatic infection to mild infection (P<0.05). For the patients who remained asymptomatic throughout the course of the infection, normal constitution was the only type of constitution with a frequency of >10%,while for those who changed from asymptomatic infection to mild infection, there were four types of constitution with a frequency of >10%,among which damp-heat constitution had the highest frequency, followed by Qi-stagnation constitution,phlegm-dampness constitution, and Qi-deficiency constitution. Compared with the patients who changed from asymptomatic infection to mild infection, the patients who remained asymptomatic throughout the course of the infection had significantly lower distribution rates of phlegm-dampness constitution, damp-heat constitution, Qi-stagnation constitution, and Qi-deficiency constitution (P<0.05). Conclusion For the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in Shanghai, the change from asymptomatic infection to mild infection is closely associated with biased constitution and underlying diseases. Infection with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant tend to have an insidious onset in the population with normal constitution, and therefore, such population should be the key population for nucleic acid screening and normalized nucleic acid detection.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

刘丽丽,张 静,朱慧志,潘 宾,马守亮,李明强,马碧涛,周 灏,张国梁.上海市220例新型冠状病毒Omicron变异株感染者中医体质类型分布与防控策略[J].安徽中医药大学学报,2022,41(5):1-4

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:
  • 最后修改日期:
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2022-10-11